Beauty and Appearance

 

Chemical Peels
 

A chemical peel is a skin-resurfacing procedure used to improve the appearance of the skin anywhere on the body, particularly on the face, neck, hands or chest.  A chemical solution is applied to the skin that causes it to exfoliate and eventually peel off.  The new skin is usually smoother and appears less wrinkled and brighter in appearance than the older skin.  The new skin may be more sun sensitive and requires a higher level of care and protection to maintain its improved appearance. 

There are three basic types of chemical peels:
 

Superficial Peel - Sometimes referred to as a “lunchtime peel”, a superficial peel uses a mild acid to penetrate only the outer layer of the skin to gently exfoliate it.  This type of peel is used to refresh the skin for a better overall appearance.
 

Medium Peel - A medium depth peel penetrates the skin more deeply than a superficial peel and may cause a second-degree burn of the skin.  It is used to improve aging and more damaged skin, as well as smooth rough skin and treat some precancerous skin growths.
 

Deep Peel - A high concentration of Trichlororacetic Acid (TCA) or Phenol is applied to deeply penetrate several layers of the skin to removed damaged skin cells.  Deep peels are used to treat severe wrinkles, long-term sun damage, pronounced pigment changes, and lesions and growths on the skin.  Patients may see dramatic results in skin appearance.  This procedure must be done by a Doctor, is used only on the face, and may be performed only once.  Deep peels are not done on darker skin types as a bleaching of the skin occurs.  The skin on the face where this peel is performed may always be lighter in color than the rest of the skin on the body.
 

Considerations before a Peel

Chemical peels of any strength have the capability of creating permanent damage to the skin if not properly administered.  A thorough consultation examining all aspects of a person’s history is required by a medical or skin care expert.
 

The best candidates for a peel are light hair and fair skinned people, typically referred to as a Fitzpatrick I up to a Fitzpatrick II.  The more color that is in the skin, the more possibility for damage to the skin exists.

Peels are not recommended for individuals with infections, active skin diseases, cuts or broken skin, sunburns or active Herpes Simplex. 
 

Peels are not recommended for those individuals who:
 

  • Are pregnant or nursing

  • Have psoriasis, eczema, dermatitis or Rosacea

  • Have taken Accutane within the last six months (minimum)

  • Have used Retin-a or other prescription skin care products within the last 48 hours
     

Risks and Complications

In general, as peels go deeper into the skin, the risk of side effects and complications increases.  All peels carry the risk of unwanted issues.  The more common side effects from chemical peels are:
 

  • Redness and swelling. Some redness is expected after a chemical peel.  With deeper peels or certain skin types, redness can be severe and last several months.

  • Color changes in the skin. Areas treated by a chemical peel may be darker or lighter than the surrounding areas.  This can be permanent.

  • Swelling, especially around the eyes.

  • Allergic reaction to the acid chemical used.

  • Crusting and scaling. Can lead to scarring without the proper care.

  • People who have a history of herpes outbreaks are especially prone to infection after a chemical peel.

  • Increased sensitivity to sunlight.

  • In rare cases, deep peels using Phenol can cause more severe complications during the procedure, including damage to the heart, liver or kidneys.
     

Preparing for a Peel

When considering a peel, a thorough consultation is mandatory before the peel.  If you and your medical or skin care expert decide that a peel is right for you, it is important to prepare the skin for a minimum of two weeks before the peel.  This preparation will strengthen the skin, feeding it the nutrients it needs to speed healing time and improve the results.

Pre-peel Protocol; twice daily

  1. Gently cleanse the skin with the NeoGenesis Cleanser

  2. Mist with the NeoGenesis Moisturizing Mist

  3. Apply 4 to 6 drops of NeoGenesis Recovery serum to the face and neck, including the eye area

  4. Finish with Intensive Moisturizer or Barrier Renewal Cream

  5. Always wear a chemical free sunscreen during the day

 

NeoGenesis after a Peel

The skin will be more sensitive and fragile after a chemical peel and must be handled with care for proper healing and to lessen any chance of complications.  Continue with our suggested post-peel protocol until healing is complete after 10 to 14 days.

Post-peel Protocol; twice daily

  1. Gently cleanse the skin with the NeoGenesis Cleanser

  2. Mist with the NeoGenesis Moisturizing Mist

  3. Apply 4 to 6 drops of NeoGenesis Recovery serum to the face and neck, including the eye area

  4. May apply NeoGenesis Booster or Skin Serum here if skin is particularly dry

  5. Finish with Barrier Renewal Cream

  6. Always wear a chemical free sunscreen during the day

  7. Spritz the Moisturizing Mist throughout the day, as needed for soothing relief
     

Once the skin has achieved complete healing, Recovery may be continued at twice per day or a maintenance dose may be started at once per day or 3 to 4 times per week.  Booster or Skin Serum may be used with Recovery or alternate daily use, followed by Intensive Moisturizer or Barrier Renewal Cream, twice daily.

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